Greek Mythology Names

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Greek Mythology Names

그리스 신화의 고유명사들.

* This is a temporary List. A project to include the whole names is being under way.

Narcissus  

A beautiful youth who fell in love with his own image, pined away, and was metamorphosed into the Narcissus.

Narcissism = 1. Sexual excitement through admiration of oneself.. 2. Erotic gratification derived from admiration of one's own physical ormental attributes: a normal condition aat the infantile level of development. 3. Extreme admiration for oneself or one's own attribution.

Narco- = a word element meaning 'stupor' or 'narcosis'

Narcolepsy = A condition characterized by an uncontrollable desire for, and short attacks or, sleep on all occasions.

Narcosis = 1. A state of sleep or drowsiness. 2. A temporary state of depression produced by a drug, or by heat, cold, or electricity.

Narcotic = 1. adj. Having the power to produce narcosis, as drug. 2. n. Any of various classes of substances tht blunt the senses, relieving pain, etc., and including sleep, and in large quantities producing complete insensibility, often used habitually to satisfy morbid appetite. 3. An individual inclined towards the habitual use of such substances.

 

Hades = 1. A gloomy subterranean abode of departed spirits or shades over which Pluto ruled. 2. Pluto, the lord of underworld. 3. hades, hell

 

Pluto = 1. Hades. 2. A nymph, mother of Tantalus.

Plutocracy = 1. A government by the wealthy. 2. A ruling class of the wealthy people.

Plutus = A roman allegorical figure wrongly confused with Pluto

Pluto = Personification of Wealth, and associated with peace

 

Persephone Core, Kore --- Greek Myth

  Libera, Proserpina, Proserpine --- Roman Myth

The daughter of Zeus and Demeter; wife of Pluto; Queen of Hades. Pluto abducted while she was gathering flowers on the plain of Enna in the Sicily. Demeter sought her everywhere, and threatened destruction for all mankind by withdrawing fertility from the earth if she could not find her. Zeus promised to restore Persephone to her mother provided Persephone had eaten nothing in Hades; but she had eaten some pomergranate seeds and was compelled to spend six months each year with Pluto but allowed six months with her mother. <Gk. persephone = 'maiden'>

Persephone = A personification of spring.

Thanatos = Another name for Pluto; personification of death.(Roman     Myth, Mors, a deification of death)

Orcus = Roman Myth. 1. The world of death; Hades. 2. the god of the underworld; Pluto.

Pallas Athena(Minerva) = The Greek goddess of wisdom, arts, industries, and prudent warfares(Roman Myth. Minerva)

Minerva = 1. Roman goddess of wisdom, the arts, and the war, identified with the Greek, Athena. 2. A woman of great wisdom or learning.

Athenaeum = 1. An institution for the promotion of literary or scientific learning. 2. A library or reading room. 3. (cap.) A sanctuary of Athena at Athens, built by the Roman Emperor Hadrian, and frequented by poets and men of learnings.

Pallas = 1. the name of Athena (often Pallas Athene). 2. Astron. One of the asteriods.

Palladian = 1. of or pertaining to the goddess Pallas. 2. Pertaining to wisdom or knowledge or study.

Palladium = 1. A statue of Pallas Athene, esp. one of the citadel of Troy on which the safety of the city was supposed to depend. 2. (l.c.) Anything believed to afford effectual protection of safety.

(Phoebus)Apollo = 1. The god of light, healing, music, poetry, prophesy, youth manly beauty. 2. A very beautiful young man.

Apollonian = 1. (cap.) Pertaining to the cult of Apollo. 2. Serene; stately; poised; having the properties of classical beauty.

Phoebus = 1. Apollo. 2. (poetic) the sun personified. (Gk. phoibos =light)

Castalia = 1. A spring on Mount Parnassus in Greece, sacred to Apollo and muses and reagarded as a sources of inspiration. 2. Any source of inspiration.

Pythian, Pythic = 1. of or pertaing to Delphi in ancient Greece. 2. of or pertaining to Apollo, with reference to this oracle at Delphi and his killing of a serpent, Python which once lived in the caves of Parnassus.

Python = 1. A possessing spirit of demon. 2. One who is possessed by a spirit and prophesies by its aid.

Pythoness = 1. A woman supposed to be possessed by a soothsaying spirit, as the priestess of Apollo at Delphi. 2. A woman with the power of divination; a witch.

Pythonic = 1. prophetic, oracular.

 

Aphrodite

Greek goddess of love and beauty, identified by the Romans with Venus. One of the twelve Olympians. Some legends say she was brought from ocean foam near Cyprus or Cythera; others that she was the daughter of Zeus and Dione. One of the most celebrated deities of the ancients, she was known as the goddess of beauty, mother of love, queen of laughter, mistress of the graces and of pleasures, patroness of courtesans. Zeus was refused by her and for her obstinacy gave her in marriage to his ugly and deformed son Hephaestus (Vulcan). She was notoriously unfaithful; her intrigue with Ares(exposed by Apollo) is famous. The mother of many -- Deimos, Eros, Anteros, Hermione, Phobus by Ares; Hermaphroditus by Hermes; Priapus by Dionysus; Eryx by Poseidon (according to Apollodorus); Aeneas by Anchises. Paris gave her the Apple of Discord and she helped him with Helen. She abandoned Olympus because she was partial to Adonis. Her mysterious girdle Cestus gave beauty, grace, and elegance to the most deformed, excited love, and rekindled extinguished ardors. Not an exciting figure in Homer, she is even wounded by Diomedes in the battle at Troy.

aphrodisiac = 1.adj. arousing sexual desire. 2. A drug or food that arouses sexual desire.

Cytherea = A Surname of Aphrodite (Venus).

Cyprian = adj. 1. pert. to Cyprus, famous as center for the worship of   Apphrodite; 2. Lewd; licentious. n. 3. A native or inhabitant of Cyprus. 4. a lewd person, esp. a prostitute.

Venus = 1. Roman goddess of gardens and spring, identified with Aphrodite as the goddess of love beauty. 2. a beautiful woman. 3. (astron.).      4. Mount of Venus = the elevation at the base of the thumb.

venereal = adj. arising from or connected with sexual intercourse with an     infected person. (Lat. venerus = pert. to Venus)

hermaphrodite = 1. n. an animal or flower having normally both the male and female organs of generation. 2. A person or thing in which two opposite qualities are combined. 3. adj. of or like hermaphrodite. 4. combining two opposite qualities. 5. (Bot.) monoclinous.

(*Gk Myth. As proper name, sone of Hermes and Aphrodite, who bvecame united in body with the nymph, Salamacis while bathing in her fountain.)

 

Hermes

Gk Myth. A deity, herald and messenger of the gods, and god of roads, commerce, inventiion, cunning, and theft, identified with Roman god, Mercury.

 Son of Zeus and Maia. The father of Autolycus by Chione. The messenger of gods; his atributes are the most comples and varied of those of any of the major gods. He was responsible for increase in the animal world; he was a deity of wealth, god of trade and travelers, of commerce, manual skill, oratory and eloquence, of thives, and of the wind - with whose speed he was able to move; he was also patron of athletes. Within a few hours after his birth, he had stolen Apollo's cattle. He invented the lyre and gave it to Apollo who, in turn, gave him the caduces, a golden staff with wings at the top, interwined with serpents - symbol of today's medical profession. His son Autolycus became the champion thief of the world. The name "Hermes" means hastener, and representations of him are symbolic of the messenger or of speed and majesty in flight.    Milton, Keats; Shelly. The most interesting stories related ae about the things he did on the first day of his life: (1) stealing the cattle of Apollo; (2) making the lyre; (3) inventing the winged sandals which were called Talaria; (4) making fire by rubbing sticks together; (5) making of the Apollo's cattle he stole, killed, and butchered, the first flesh offering to gods. All this in the first 24 hours of his life! Zeus gave him a winged cap called Petasus.         His duties as messenger involved many acts: (1) conducting of the souls of the dead to Hades; (2) taking the three goddesses to the Judgement of Paris; (3) accompanying Zeus on his visit to Baucis and Philemon; (4) killing the hundred-eyed Argos; (5) delevering Ares from his long confinement; (6) purifying the Danaides ; (7) tying Ixion to the wheel; (8) warning Aeneas to hasten to Italy; (9) commanding Calypso to send Odysseus away on a raft; (10) selling Heracles to Omphale -- and these areonly a few of many.

herm = A kind of monument or statue, common in ancient Athens, consisting of a head, usually that of god Hermes, supported on a quadrangular pillar corresponding roughly in mass to the absent body.

Hermetic  = 1. adj. Made airtight by fusion or sealing. 2. pert. to occult science, esp alchemy. 3. (H-) of Hermes Trismegistus of the writings, etc.

Hermes Trismegistus = A name given by Neoplatonists and others to the Egyptian god Thot, who was to some extent identified with the Grecian Hermes, and to whom were attributed various works embodying mystical, the theosophical, astrological, and alchemical doctines.

caduceus = (pl.= -cei) 1. the staff carried by Hermes(Mercury), as herald or messenger of the gods. 2. A similar staff used as a emblem of the medical profession and the insigna of the Medical Corp of the Armed Forces.

talaria = The winged sandals, or small wings fastened to the ankles, of     Hermes(Mercury).

petasus = A low-crowned, broad-brimmed hat worn by ancient Greeks and     Romans, often represented as worn by Hermes(Mercury).

 

Ares, Mars(Roman)

Greek god of war; one of the twelve Olympians. Son of Zeus and Hera. Illicit lover of Aphrodite. His sons are Deimos and Phebos(gods of terror and tumult), Fear, Panic, and Trembling. Enyo, goddess of battle, and Eris, goddess of discord, are variously described as sister, mother, wife, and daughter of Ares. The vulture and dog, as scavengers of the battlefield, are his favorite bird and animal. He favored the Trojans during the Trojan war.

Apple of Discord

Into the assembly of the gods at the marriage of Peleus and Thetis, the goddess of discord, Eris(who had not been invited), rolled a golden apple inscribed For the Fairest. Three goddess - Aphrodite, Athena, Hera - claimed it. At the Judgement of Paris, it was awarded toAphrodite. The award was an indirect cause of the Trojan War, and Hera's determination to destroy Troy.

Hephaestus, Vulcan(Roman). Son of Zeus amd Hera, according to Homer. His mother was so disgusted with him that as soon as he was born she threw him into the sea, where he remained for nine years. Some accounts say he broke his leg when Zeus kicked him out of Olympus to the island of Lemnos. Hephaestus wanted Athena for his wife, but she refused this deformed and lame god; he was the father of Eros by Aphrodite. The infidelity of Aphrodite with Ares is proverbial; Alectryon was lookout for the lovers and forget to wake Ares when Apollo approached, discovered the lovers, and repoorted them to the other gods. Hephaestus was the god of fire and patron of all artists who worked with ironed metal. His most famous forges were under Mount Athena. In mythology he is the famous blacksmitth; his five famous creations are (1) the arms of Achilles; (2) the arms of Aeneas; (3) the shield of Heracles; (4) the necklace of Harmonia, a gift with proved fatal to all who wore it; (5) the scepter of Agamemnon.

Vulcanian = 1. adj. of or asociated with Vulcan. 2. (l.c.)volcanic. 3. (l.c.)of metalworking.

vulcanism = Geology. The phenomena connected with the genesis and movement of molen rock material with and at the surface of the earth, including those phenomena connected with plutonic rocks.

vulcanite. = A hard rubber, readily cut and polished, used for making combs, buttons, etc., and for electrical insulation, and obtained by vulcanizing India rubber with a large amount of sulphur; ebonite.

vulcanize vt 1. To treat(india-rubber) with sulphur or some compound of sulphur and subject to a moderate heat(110-140oC), in order to render it non-plastic and give greater elasticity, durability, etc., or, when a large amount of sulphur and a more extensive heat treatment are employed, in order to make it very hard, as in the case of vulcanite. 2. to treat(india-rubber) similarly with sulphur or sulphur compounds but without heat, in which case the effects are only superficial. 3. To subject (substances other than india-rubber) to some analogous process, as to harden.

vulcanology = volcanology. The scientific study of volcanoes and volcanic      phenomena.

volcanism = The phenomena connected with volcanoes and volcanic activity.

volcano

 

Hestia. Vesta(Roman) The three firstborn child of Cronus and Rhea; goddess of the hearth and symbol of the home. The virgin goddess, the oldest and most sacred of the 12 great Olympians. (The other two virgin goddess were Artemis and Athena.) At Rome, a famous temple of Hestia was kept by six priestesses called Vestal Virgins. Since a chaste protectress of the household is not to be gossiped about, the Greeks and Romans told no stories about her.

vesta  = A short match with a wood or wax stem which can be struck on any rough surface.

vestal  = adj. 1. of Vesta. 2. pert. to, charisteristic of, or resembling Vestal Virgin; chaste. 3. Nun.

Eros. Amor, Cupid(Roman) God of love. Son of Hermes(Mercury) and Aphrodite(Venus)

erotic  = of or arousing sexual love or desire.

erotica = literature or art dealing with sexual love

erotomania, eroticism

cupidity = Eager of inordinate desire, esp. for wealth

 

Himeros, Himerus, Longing         God of desire; personification of the longing love;

Hymen, Hymenaeus.

Son of Dionysus and Aphrodite, according to some accounts; other accounts say he was the son of Apollo and one of the nine Muses. He is the god of marriage, the presonification of the wedding feast, and the leader of the nuptial chorus.

hymeneal  = 1. Pertaining to marriage. 2. Marriage song.

 

Hebe, Ganymeda; Juventas(Roman)

A daughtr of Zeus and Hera; goddess of the youth, cupbearer to the gods until succeeded by Ganymede. She became the wife of Heracles and bore him two sons. She was dismissed from her office as cupbearer to the gods when she fell down and incidently exposed herself while pouring nectar to gods at a grand festival.

hebephrenia = In psychology, a form of dimentia praecox incident to the age of puberty, characterized by childish behaviour, hallucination, and emotional deterioration. (Gk. hebe = youth, phren = mind)

hebetic  = Pertaining or of occuring in puberty.

Ganymede, Ganymedes. = 1. A beautiful Trojan boy, son of Tros and Callirrhoe; carried by the eagle of Zeus to Olympia to succeed Ganymeda(Hebe) as cupbearer to the gods. Homer calls Ganymede " the most beautiful of mortal men."   2. colloq. (in humorous use) a young waiter. 3. colloq. A young homosexual(male). 4. Astron. One of the satellites of Jupiter.

Iris. Gk. Amessenger of the gods, reagarded as the goddess of the rainbow. (Lat.,GK. Iris = rainbow, colored circle, etc)

iridescent = displaying colors like those of the rainbow.

iridium = (chem.)White metal of the platinum group. 1803("I should incline to call this metal Iridium, from the striking variety of colors which it gives, while dissolving in marine acid", Tennant).

iris  = 1. Species of crystal. 2. Rainbow. 3. Flat circular membrane in the aqueous humour of the eye. 4. Genus tuberous or bulbous plants.

 

Musae.

The nine Muses, daughter of Zeus and Mnemosyne. Other name for them are Camenae(Roman); Pierides(from their birth place, Pieria); and Aganippides, Castalides, Heliconiades, and Maeonides(from the places sacred to them and where they were worshipped.) Hesiod, Homer, Homeric Hymns, and Vergil among the ancients have noteworthy invocations to the Muses; in English literature there are famous invocatiion to the Muses by Blake, Byron, Milton, Pope, Spenser, and others.

1. Calliope  Epic and heroic poetry       2. Clio  History         3. Erato  Love-poetry        4. Euterpe Music and Lyric poetry

 5. Melpomene Tragedy         6. Polyhymnia Sublime hymns or serious sacred songs    

 7. Terpsichore Dancing and choral song       8. Thalia  Comedy and idyllic poetry      

 9. Urania Astronomy

 

uranography, uranology, uranion (*Gk. ouranos = sky, heaven(s), roof of the mouth)

terpsichorean = 1. pertaining to dancing. 2. (T-) of or pertaining to       Terpsichore. 3. A dancer(colloq.).

muse  = 1. The goddess or the power regrded as inspiring a poet.     2. A poet's characteristic genius or powers.

Graeae. the Graise.

Three hoary witches, daughters of Ceto and Phorcys, with gray hair from birth, and one eye and one tooth among them, which they used in turn. The three, Dino, Enyo, and pephredo, were surprised by Perseus and gave him the information that led him to the abode of their sister the Gorgons.

Charities, Graces

Another name for the three Graces(Agalia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia), daughters of Zeus and Eurynome; other legends say they were the daughters of Helius and Aegle; Zeus and Aphroditel Dionysus and Aphrodite. They were constant attendants of Aphrodite, Young beautiful modest, personifications of gracefulness.

1. Agalia  Splendor and brilliance       2. Euphrosyne Mirth and Joy        3. Thalia  Good cheer and bloom

 

Helicon = A mountain in South Greece, in Boeotia, reagarded in ancient Greece, as the source of poetry and inspiration. From it flowed the fountains of Aganippe and Hippocrene, associated with Muses.

Pieria. = A costal region including Mt. Olympus, in ancient Macedonia; the legendary birth place of Orpheus and the Muses.

Parnassus = 1. A mountain in Phocis, elevatiion 8,070 feet; one of the highest named for Parnassus, a son of Poseidon. The mountain was sacred to the Muses, to Apollo, and to Dionysus. Delphi is located on one of its sloped. Deucalion and Pyrrha landed there after the deluge. 2. A collection of poems or of elegant literature. 3. The world of poetry, esp. as part of the established literary world.

Olympus 1. A mountain in North East Greece, ob the boundary of between Thessaly and Macedonia; fabled abode of the greater Grecian gods. 2. heaven.

olympian = 1. Pertaining to or dwelling on Olympus.

   2. Grand, implsing; superior.

Themis

Daughter of Uranus and Gaea. A Titaness; wife of the Titan Iapetus. Later, she became the wife of Zeus. By Iapetus, Themis was the mother of Prometheus, according to some accounts. By Zeus, Themis was the mother of the three Horae(Hours, Seasons) and the the three Fates. Themis had the poer of prophesy, warned Prometheus of all the troubles that lay ahead for him, told Zeus that Thetis would bear a son greater than his father, and advised Deucalion and Pyrrha how to repopulate the earth after the deluge of Zeus. She was the first to whom temples were build on earth. As a mother goddess, she had an oracle at Delphi before the famous oracle of Apollo.

Themis = Divine Justice.

Dice, Dike

Goddess of Justice; one of the three Horae(Hours, Seasons).(the other two were Eirene<Irene>, goddess of peace, and Eunomia, goddess of wise legislation and other). As goddess of the seasons, they produced order in both nature and society.

Nemesis = the goddess of retribution or vengence, daughter of Erebus and Nyx.

Aidos  = The Greek personificaiton of Conscience, the goddess of reverence     or shame.

Atropos, Morae; Fatae(Lat.)

One of the three Fates; the other two are Clotho and Lachesis; daughter of Erebus and Nyx. Atropos carries the shears and cuts the thread of life; Clotho carries the spindle and spins the thread of life; Lachesis carries the globe or scroll and determines the length of the thread of life. The FAtes appear in the work of many English poets; Chaucer, Spenser, Shakespeare, Donne, Herbert, Shelly, Byron, Browning, Marlowe, Tennyson, Hardy, Henly.

 

THE GODS OF WATERS

1. Poseidon (= Neptune; the Sea or Ocean)       2. Titan Ocean (his wife:tethys, daughters: Oceanids(= the mymoh of great rivers) 3. Pontus (Deep sea; from Earth(father) and Neureus(Mpother))   4. Neureus (The old man of the sea, whose wife is Poris and daughters are Nereids(nymphs of the sea) and Thetis(among whom are the wives of Achilles, Poseidon)            5. Triton (i.) A sea god, son of Poseidon and Amphtrite, represented as having a conchshell trumpet; the Trumpeter of the Sea (ii)later. one of a race of subordinate sea deities similarly represented, attendants on the greater sea-gods. (iii) (t-) the shell of a triton.           6. Proteus (i) A sea-god of classical mythology who was able to assume different shapes. (ii) A person or thing capable of taking on various aspects or characters. 7. Naiads (One of a class of water-nymphs fabled to dwell in and preside over streams and springs)

 

THE TWELVE TITANS -- the children of Uranus and Gaea

Male   Female   Attribute

Oceanus  Tethys   sea      Hyperion  Thia    Sun      Crius   Eurybia(Mnemosyne) memory     Coeus   Phoebe   moon      Cronus  Rhea    harvests     Iapetus  Themis   justice; planets

 

THE TWELVE GREAT OLYMPIANS

1. Zeus(Jupiter) 2. Hera(Juno) 3. Poseidon(Neptune) 4. Demetr(Ceres) 5. Apollo  6. Artemis(Diana) 7. Hephaestus(Vulcan) 8. Ares(Mars) 9. Pallas Athena(Minerva)  10. Aphrodite(Venus) 11. Hermes(Mercury) 12. Hestia(vesta) (13. Pluto or Hades(Orcus orDis))

 

THE UNDERWORLD

1. Hades, Pluto (Orcus, Dis)         2. Tartarus (i) A sunless abyss below Hades, in which Zeus imprisoned theTitans. (ii). (later) A place of punishment for the wicked. (iii) Hades or the lower world in general.            3. Erebus (i) A god of darkness, son of Chaos, and the brother of Night. (ii) A place between earth and Hades where the dead passas soon as they die; the lower world.            4. Acheron. (i) A river of woe in Hades, over which an aged boatman, Charon ferries the sould of the dead across the water to the farther bank, where stands the adamantine gte to Tartarus (the name Virgil refers) (ii) the lower world; hell  5. Cocytus (A river of Hades connected with Acheron)     6. Cereberus (i) The three headed, dragon-tailed dog, which permits all spirits to enter but none to return from the infernal regions. (ii) A watchful and formidible or surely keeper or guard.         7. The Three Judges in the Hades:: Rhadamanthus, Aaecus, Minos   8. Phlegethon (i) A river of fire in Hades (ii) (p-) a stream of fire of fiery light. 9. Styx (The river of unpseakable oath by which the gods swear)   10. Lethe (i) A river in Hades, whose water caused forgetfulness of the past who drank it. (ii) Forgetfulness; oblivion        (*cf. phlegm= fire in Gk. , phlegmatic; lethargy, lethargic)  

WINDS

Aeolus = the king of the winds and the four chief winds

Boreas, the north wind, as personified or deified by the Greeks. (Lat. Aquila ) Zephyr, the west wind personified. (Lat. Favonius; )    Auster, the south wind personified. (Lat. Notus)     Eurus, the easterly or southeasterly wind personified

Aquila = astron. A nothern constellation, the Eagle lying south of Cygnus

zephyr = soft, mild breeze; any of various things of fine light quality as a fabric,    yarn etc.

favonian = (i) of or pertaining to west wind. (ii) mild, favorable, propitious

 austral = 1. southern 2. (A-) Austrailian

austronesia  = islands of the central and south Pacific.  

euroclydon = stormy wind mentioned in Acts xxvii        (Eurus, east wind + Aquilo, north wind)

aeolian = 1. pertaining to AEolus, or to the winds in general. 2. aeolian, due to atmospheric actiion; wind blown. 3. aeolian. deposited or formed by wind.

Centaurs = 1. one of the race of monsters having the head, trunk, and arms of man and the body and legs of horses. 2. astron. Southern constellation between Argo and Scorpio

chiron  = A wise and beneficient centaur, teacher of Achilles, Asclepius, and     other. (chiro = hand)

chironomy = the art of estimating a persons's character by the appearance of the     hand.

chiromancy = the art of telling a person's fortune and character by the hand;

   palmistry

chirography = handwriting

Gorgons

Three daughters of Ceto and Phorcys; two, Euryale and Stheno, were immortal; the third, Medusa, was mortal. the three were monsters with serpents for hair, brazen claws, and staring eyes whose glance turned men into stone. Their wings are the color of gold, their bodies were covered with impenetrable scales, and their teeth were as long as the tusks of a wild boar. Aeschylus says that they had only one tooth and one amont them. While they sere exchanging their, Perseus cut off Medusa's head.

 

Sirens

According to most mytholigists, three sea nymphs, daughters of Achelous by Calliope, Melpomene, or Terpsichore. Their name were, Leucosia, Ligeia and Parthenope(some accounts give different names). They were part bird, part woman, who by seductive singing lured sailors to death on rocky coasts. Some sailors were so charmed by their melodius voices that they forget their work, listened with rapt attention, and at last died for want for food. Odysseus was informed by Circe of their power, as his ship was about to past the rocky coasts, he stuffed wax into the ears of his companions and ordered himself tied to the mast of his ship. When the sirens failed to lure Odyseus, they threw themselves into sea and perished. They once were defeated by the muses in a singing contest.

siren = 1. Any alluring or seductive woman. 2. Dangerously alluring.

Numina = The name for Pomona and Vertumnus as protective spirits of the household, fields, individuals, gardens, and spring. Others called Numina were: Pales, Sylvanus, and Terminus.

Lares  = the spirit of the ancestor; household or other tutelary gods of spirits

Penates = tutelary deities of the household and of the state, worshipped in close association with Lares.

Terminus = the god who presisded over boundaries or recesses of a place or     thing .

Priapus = The personification as god of the male procreative power.

Pales  = Strengthener of cattle

Sylvanus = Helper of plowmen and woodcutters

sylvan = 1. of or pertaining to, or dwelling in the woods 2. Consistinng of or abounding in woods or trees. 3.A person dwelling in a woodland region. 4. A fabled deity or spirit of the woods.

Saturn = The god of agriculture and vegetation, whose region was characterized by happiness and virtue; the Protector of the of the sowers and the seed.( His wife Ops, a Harvest Helper, goddess of plenty).

saturnalia = the festival of Saturn, celebrated in December and observed as a time of general feasting and unrestrained revelry; any period of unrestrained revelry.

Janus = the god of good beginnings. His chief temple in Rome ran east and west where the day begins and ends, and had two doors, between which stood his statue with two faces, one young and one old.

janus-faced = two-faced; deceitful

Faunus = Saturn's grandson, woodland deity, identified with Pan.

fauna  = 1. The animals of a given region or period, taken collectively (as distinguished from the plants or floras) 2. Fauna, the sister of Faunus.

Quirinus = An early Roman god of war, identified with the deified Romulus who founded Rome.

quirinal = Italian civil authority or government(as distinguished from Vatican)

Manes = The deified souls of the dead; the spirit or shade of a particular dead person.

Erinyes, Furies, Eumenides, Semnae; Dirae, Furiae, Furies(Roman)

The three avenging spirits, usually called the three Furies:       Alecto(Unresting), Magaera(Jealous), Tisiphone(Avenger)

Demeter

Gk. Myth. the goddess of the fruitful earth, protectoress of social order and marriage, identified by the Romans with Ceres.

Dionysus, Bacchus

The youthful and beautiful god of wine and drama, ientified with Roman God of Bacchus.

Dionysia = The orgiastic and dramatic festivals in honour of Dionysus, celebrated periodically in various parts of Greece, esp. in Attica, out of which Greek comedy and tragedy developed.

Dionysian = 1. Pertaining to Dionysus or Bacchus. 2. Wild; orgiastic.

Pan

Gk. Myth. The god of forests, pastures, flocks, and shepherds, represented with the head, chest and arms of a man, and the legs and sometimes the horns and ears of a goat; the son of Hermes.

Silenus = 1. The foster father of Dionysus, and the leader of the satyrs.

   2. Satyr

satyr  = 1. One of classes of woodland deities, attendant on Dionysus, represented as part human and part goat, and noted for riot and lasciviousness.  2. A lascivious ma. 3. a man affected with satyriasis. 4. Any of rather somber butterflies.

satyriasis = Morbid and uncontrollable sexual desire in men.

Castor and Pollux

Twin brothers, sons of Leda, wife of King Tyndareus of Sparta. To entice Leda, Zeus had changed himself into a beautiful swan. The twins had two sisters, Helen and Clytemnestra. Pollux(Polydeuces) and Helen were the offspring of Zeus; Castor and Clytemnestra were offspring of Tyndareus. All four sere destined for fame. Castor became an excellent horseman; Pollux became an expert boxer. Both brother joined the Argonauts and were in the Calydonian boar hund. When the twins died they were placed in heaven as Gemini(Twins), a constellation which became the third sign of the Zodiac, which the sun enters May 21.

Dryads = Nymphs of trees, whose life was in each case bound up with that of her tree.

Oreads = Nymphs of the mountain

Hydra = 1.A monstrous serpent, slain by Hercules represented as having nine heads, each of which was replaced by two after being cut off, unless the wound was cauterized. 2. Any persistent evil arising from many sources or difficult to overcome.

Chimera = 1. A mythological fire-breathing monster, commonly represented with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tail. 2. A grotesque monster as in decorative art. 3. A horrible or unreal creature of the imagination; a vain or idle fancy.

Dipper = 1. Big Dipper, Great Bear = Plough         Little Dipper = A star group in Ursa minor       2. Any of various diving birds, esp. of the genus "Cinlus" as C     Aquaticus, the European ouzel.

Pygmalion

A sculptor and king of Cyprus, who fell in love with an ivory statue whch he made and which came to life in answer to his prayer.

Galatea

An ivory of a maiden, brought to life by Aphrodite in response to the prayer of Pygmalion.

Theogony = 1. the origin of gods; an account of the cration of the universe and the generations of the gods, and it is important for mythologuy. 2. A geneological account of the gods.

The Quest of the Golden Fleece

The fleece of gold taken from ram on which Phrixus was carried to Clochis, recovered from KIng Aeëtes by the Argonautic expedition under Jason.

Medea = A sorceress, daughter of Aeëtes, king of Clochis, and wife of Jason, whom she assisted in obtaining the Golden Fleece.

Lemures/Larvae = the spirit of the wicked dead.

Camanae = Prophetic nymphs of the spring and fountains, later identified with the Greek Muses.

Egeria = 1. A nymph who instructed King Numa in religious worship. 2. A woman counsellor.

Lucina = Roman goddess of childbirth identified Greek Eileithyia.

Pomona = Goddess of fruit trees

Vertumnus = The Roman divinity of gardens and orchards as the god of the changing seasons.

Halcyone = 1. Daughter of Aeolous; wife of Ceyx, king of Thessaly, was changed into a kingfisher after death.

  2. Calm, peaceful, tranquil. 3. carefree, joyous.

 
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